Whereas the facts presented by the applicant may be summarised as

The applicant is a German citizen, born in 1935 and at present residing
at O., Germany.

The applicant, who submits only very little information as to his
application, is a civil servant in North-Rhine-Westphalia. It appears
that the applicant had controversies with his superior and that he
complained by means of two disciplinary complaints
(Dienstaufsichtsbeschwerden) directly to the Home Minister of the above
German "Land". It appears that he inquired twice as to the development
of these proceedings and that he informed the Head of the Provincial
Administration of Cologne (Regierungspräsident von Köln) that he would
public an article in the news magazine "Spiegel" on subjects connected
with his functions in public administration.

Subsequently, the Head of the Local Administration (Oberkreisdirektor)
of Bonn, on the Home Minister's instructions, opened disciplinary
proceedings against the applicant and, by decision of .. April 1971,
the applicant was found guilty of two disciplinary offenses, namely of
having failed to observe the official routine (Nichteinhaltung des
Dienstweges) when complaining against his superior and of having
neglected his duty of honourable behaviour when exercising his
functions (Verstoß gegen die Pflicht zu achtungswürdigem Verhalten
innerhalb des Dienstes);  he was given a censure (Verweis).

On the applicant's appeal, the Head of the Provincial Administration
confirmed this disciplinary measure on .. February 1968, and on his
further appeal, the Home Minister also decided that this decision was
lawful. The applicant then filed an appeal with the disciplinary
chamber of the Administrative Court of Appeal (Disziplinarsenat des
Oberverwaltungsgerichtes) but this court also confirmed the lower
authorities' decisions.

The applicant then lodged a constitutional appeal
(Verfassungsbeschwerde) with the Federal Constitutional Court
(Bundesverfassungsgericht). He alleged that he had only used his right
to petition, as guaranteed by the German Basic Law (Grundgesetz), when
complaining to the Home Minister and that his intention to public an
article in an news magazine was also covered by the said Basic Law
since he thus only used his right of liberty of expression.

By decision (Beschluss) of .. July 1969, the Constitutional Court
dismissed the applicant's appeal for being manifestly ill-founded.

The applicant now complains that he had been held guilty on account of
acts which did not constitute an offence under national or
international law.

He alleges violations of Article 7 of the Convention.


Whereas the Commission has had regard to the applicant's complaint
that, as a result of the disciplinary proceedings opened against him,
he was found guilty on account of acts which did not constitute an
offence under national or international law, and that Article 7
(Art. 7) of the Convention was thereby violated;

Whereas Article 7 (1) (Art. 7) provides that "No one shall be held
guilty of any criminal offence on account of any act or omission which
did not constitute a criminal offense under national or international
law at the time when it was committed";

Whereas, however, the subject of the disciplinary proceedings opened
against the applicant was not the determination of the applicant's
guilt as regards any criminal offense but was in connection with
disciplinary offence; whereas the Commission has previously held that
the nation of a "criminal offense" as mentioned in Articles 5,
paragraph (3), 6 (2) and (3) (Art. 5-3, 6-2, 6-3) of the Convention,
does not envisage disciplinary offenses (see Application No. 734/69,
Collection of Decisions, No. 6, p. 32); whereas, consequently, the
guarantees under this Article are not applicable in the applicant's
case; whereas, in this respect the application is incompatible with the
provisions of the Convention and must be rejected in accordance with
Article 27, paragraph (2) (Art. 27-2), of the Convention;

Whereas, further, the Commission has ex officio examined the question
whether or not the disciplinary measures taken against the applicant
for his having expressed his intention to publish an article in a
weekly magazine on shortcomings in the internal organisation and work
of the authority where he worked as a civil servant interfered with his
right to freedom of expression as is guaranteed under Article 10
(Art. 10) of the Convention; whereas the Commission had regard to the
terms of the said Article which provides generally (paragraph 1)
(Art. 10-1) that "everyone has the right to freedom of expression. This
right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart
information and ideas without interference by public authority and
regardless of frontiers";

Whereas, however, (2) of Article 10 (Art. 10-2) provides that "the
exercise of these freedoms, since it carried with it duties and
responsibilities, may be subject to such formalities, conditions,
restrictions or penalties as are prescribed by law and are necessary
in a democratic society ... for preventing the disclosure of
information received in confidence ...";

Whereas the Commission first notes that the disciplinary measures
complaint of are provides for by the German disciplinary legislation;
secondly, that, according to the information which the applicant
himself has submitted, he had the intention to publish an article
revealing facts which he knew were qualified as an official secret
(Amtsgeheimnis); whereas, consequently, the disciplinary measures
against him were fully justified for preventing the disclosure of
information, which the applicant had received in confidence, within the
meaning of (2) of Article 10 (Art. 10-2);

Whereas, therefore, an examination of the case in the light of Article
10 (Art. 10) of the Convention does not disclose any appearance of a
violation of the rights and freedoms set forth in the Convention and,
in particular, in Article 10 (Art. 10); whereas it follows that the
application in this respect is manifestly ill-founded and must be
rejected in accordance with Article 27, paragraph (2) (Art. 27-2), of
the Convention;